Between 19 and 23rd March, Ozren Hasan visited XRF-core scanning laboratory at Institute of Marine Science (CNR-ISMAR) in Bologna, operated by Stefano Miserocchi. Substantial work has been done on marine sediments cores collected during previous year along the Eastern Adriatic coast – two cores from northen Adriatic, on the north-western coast of the Istriian peninsula, Zambratija Cove near Umag; two cores from the central part, Telašćica Bay on the Island of Dugi Otok; and one core from southern Adriatic, Koločep canal. All these sediment cores record the sea-level rise during middle Holocene and progressive flooding of the lake/wetland environments. Koločep Bay archives the tectonic and seismic activity of the area. Zambratija Cove represents a unique underwater archaeological site due to preserved remains of prehistoric wooden houses (pile-dwellings) and exceptional sunken boat, the oldest fully sewn boat ever found in the Mediterranean. The remains of a submerged settlement include submerged prehistoric pile-dwellings (2.5-3.0 m bsl) that were built on wooden piles above the lake/wetland (more than 120 piles so far), and they date back to about 4100 years BC. Undisturbed sediment cores from Zambratija Cove will be multidisciplinary examined and combined with detailed geophysical survey, will contribute to reconstruction of submerged Holocene paleolandscape. The flooded pile-dwelling settlement in Zambratija shows similarities with those found in the Alps (www.palafittes.org) . Unlike alpine localities that were mostly located in lakes and wetlands, the Zambratija settlement represents a sensation in archaeological sense because it is the first example of such a site located near the sea shore. The evolution of prehistoric landscape in Zambratija Bay is part of a research Ph.D. by the Flinders University Ph.D. Candidate Katarina Jerbić.
Fig. 1. Core sections prepared for XRF-core scanning.
Fig. 2. Avaatech XRF Core Scanner in CNR-ISMAR, Bologna.
Fig. 3. Sediment core section from Zambratija Bay ready to be analysed and during measurement in xrf-core scanner.